Abstract: Usually digital image forgeries are created by copy-pasting a portion of an image onto some other image. While doing so, it is often necessary to resize the pasted portion of the image to suit the sampling grid of the host image. The resampling operation changes certain characteristics of the pasted portion, which when detected serves as a clue of tampering. In this paper, we present deterministic techniques to detect resampling, and localize the portion of the image that has been tampered with. Two of the techniques are in pixel domain and two others in frequency domain. We study the efficacy of our techniques against JPEG compression and subsequent resampling of the entire tampered image

  urltype      = {Subscription},
  url          = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp?arnumber=4036852},
  booktitle    = {Proceedings of the 2006 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and EXPO (ICME 2006)},
  author       = {S. Prasad and K. R. Ramakrishnan},
  year         = {2006},
  title        = {On resampling detection and its application to detect image tampering},
  pages        = {1325--1328},